Hotbook

­­CA

Population: 39.5 million (DOF)

12.7 million households (US Census)

Population in 2020: 40.8 million (UC)

Area: 163,695 miles2 (US Census)

53 House seats (US Census)

Orange County

Population: 3.19 million (DOF

3rd largest county in CA

6th largest county in US 

12.4% of the CA population lives in Orange County (OC)

34 cities

1,009,000 households averaging 3.04 people (US Census)

With 34% of CA population, LA/OC produces 38% of CA’s GDP

Area: 790.57 miles2 (US Census)

Economy

CA is 6th largest in world (LAO)

$2.50 trillion GDP (1st in US) (LAO)

2012: 701,899 firms in CA, where:

-62% < 5 employees

-89% < 20 employees

-98% < 100 employees

-99% < 500 employees

(US Census)

$172.2 billion net financial asset deficit ($4,359 per person) (SCO)

$55,987 per-capita income

(7th in US) (BEA)

State & local debt per capita:  $11,094 (8th in US) (Tax Foundation)

 

CA is nation’s leading farm state, with $43 billion in sales in 2016.  Top 10 commodities:  milk, almonds, grapes, cattle, lettuce, strawberries, tomatoes, flowers and foliage, walnuts, (CDFA).  In 2012, the top 5 counties by sales volume of farm commodities were Tulare, Kern, Fresno, Monterey, & Stanislaus (CDFA)

CA Employment

18.3 mm individuals (Jul ‘17) (EDD)

5.4% unemployment (Jul ’17) (EDD) (US: 5.0% as of Dec ‘15) (BLS)

$10.50/hr minimum wage (1/1/2017) 

 

At $15 an hour, the General Fund would face increased costs estimated at more than $4 billion annually by 2021 (DOF)

 

44th rank in fiscal status (Mercatus)

46th in economic outlook (ALEC)

 

CA borrowed $10 billion in 2009 from the federal government to cover its Unemployment Insurance Fund.  As of June 3, 2015, it still owed $8 billion.  The 2015 interest payment on the loan totaled $174.5 million (EDD)

 

40% of state workforce entering retirement age by 2018 (DOF)

Budget and Tax Data

2016-17 Budget:

General Fund: $122.6 billion

Special Funds: $45 billion

Bond Funds: $3 billion

Federal Funds:        $91.2 billion

Total Budget: $261.9 billion

 

2015-16 Budget:

General Fund: $115.4 billion

Special Funds: $45.7 billion

Bond Funds: $6.5 billion

Federal Funds: $100.4 billion

Total Budget: $268 billion

(DOF) (CSSRC)

 

CA is considered the least transparent on matters of public state spending according to CALPIRG.

CA has the highest income & sales tax in the nation

CA’s 33% tax rate on capital gains is the 3rd highest in the industrialized world (Tax Foundation)

45% of California’s income tax money comes from the top 1% of filers FTB

Income Tax Rates:

1.00% > $0                        

2.00% > $7,749

4.00% > $18,371

6.00% > $28,995

8.00% > $40,250

9.30% > $50,689

      10.30% > $259,844

11.30% > $311,812

12.30% > $519,867

13.30% > $1,000,000 

 

CA Sales Tax:  7.5-10%

OC Sales Tax:  8% (LAO). 

Revenue: $48 billion (2013-14) (LAO)

CA Income tax rates: 12.3% top rate plus a 1% surcharge on taxable income over $1 million.

8.84% corporate rate (Tax Foundation)

Top 17% of filers (over $100,000) pay 87% of CA income taxes (DOF, 2013)

 

CA’s 58.98 cents/gallon gas tax is 7th highest in nation, & 2nd highest if cap & trade is included (API)

 

State Business Tax Climate Index ranking: 48th (Tax Foundation)

Gas & Diesel Taxes

Gasoline taxes (cents per gallon):

      29.70 state excise tax

      10.88 other state taxes/fees

      40.58 total state taxes/fees

      58.98 total state plus federal excise taxes (@ 18.4) (5th highest in US) (US average: 49.98) (API)

 

Diesel taxes (cents per gallon):

      16.00 state excise tax

      23.45 other state taxes/fees

      39.45 total state taxes/fees

      63.85 total state plus federal excise taxes (@ 24.4) (10th highest in US) (US average: 55.98) (API)

Infrastructure, Transportation, & Housing

CA has the 2nd highest gas prices in the nation (AAA)

Average gas price per gallon in CA (1/11/16):  $3.00 (US average: $2.40) (AAA)

 

31,827 miles of major roads

25,000 bridges

191 public-use airports

678 high hazard dams

290 miles of inland waterways

13,571 miles of levees

98 sites on Hazardous Waste list

25 freight railroads

5,307 miles of freight railroads

220.8 million tons of cargo in 2012

(ASCE)

 

In the Bay Area, the bottom 25% of the population spent 67% of their income on housing. (BAC Letter, August 2017)

 

$1,240 avg. rent (US: $840) (LAO)

34% of major roads in CA are in poor condition (ASCE)

68% are in poor condition (STRAN

11.10% of bridges are structurally deficient, & 16.80% are functionally obsolete (ASCE)

45th best roads in US (Reason)  Overall infrastructure grade is a C (ASCE)

Deferred maintenance on existing infrastructure:  $77 billion (DOF)

$437,000 avg. CA home price

$179,000 avg. US home price

 

22% of the U.S. homeless population lives in California. (HUD)

 

44% of all unsheltered people in the US are in California. (HUD)

CA has 6 of 11 most expensive rental markets in the US.

 

Between 2006 and 2014, owner-occupied units fell by 250,000 and rented units increased by 850,000.

 

26 million licensed drivers in CA

(85% of CA over 16)

 

An average CA driver in 2015:

      35 miles per day driving

      $4,900 on car expenses & fuel

      $200 in state fuel taxes &

$135 in federal fuel taxes &
$150 in state fees

      85% drive to work

      5% use transit

      4% walk or ride a bike (LAO)

 

1 in every 20 cars in CA is a hybrid or electric vehicle (LAO)

Pension Data

$131.3 billion unfunded liabilities (Pew 2014)

$1 trillion or $93,000 per California household of pension debt

 

Unfunded Pension Liabilities:

CalPERS: $114.5 billion (state & contract) (CalPERS 2015-16)

CalSTRS: $76.2 billion (CalSTRS)

UC Pensions: $10.6 billion (UC)

UC Retiree Medical 2015: $14 billion

(UC)

 

NOTE: For the 2015/16 fiscal year, CalPERS planned for a 7.5% rate of return, but only managed a 0.6% rate of return (CalPERS)

 

Current Unfunded Retiree Medical Liability:  $74.1 billion (highest in nation) (SCO)

Education Data

Prop 98 funding in 2016-17: $71.6 billion (DOF); 2015-16: $65.7 billion (CSSRC)

 K-12 funding:  $51.4 billion (2016-17), $49.9 billion (2015-16 GF) (CSSRC)

CA Community College funding:  $13.6 billion (2016-17), $13.4 billion (2015-16) (DOF)

 

UC funding: $8.0 billion (2016-17); $7.3 billion (2015-16) (CSSRC)

 

CSU funding: $6.5 billion (2016-17), $6.0 billion (2015-16) (CSSRC)

 

5th highest in nation public school teacher salaries (CDE)

 

CA education spending per pupil:  $10,591 (Prop 98) $14,550 (all funds) (2016-17) (DOF)

 

CA Students’ Performance:  46th in the country in national assessments of 4th grade reading & math (LAO)

 

CSU 4-year graduation rates overall:  Less than 20% (DOF)

 

9 of 10 highest applied-to colleges in nation are in CA.

Poverty & Health

From 2011 to 2013, CA’s official poverty rate (16%) was higher than the United States average (14.8%)

 

Using a COL-adjusted metric, CA’s rate (23.4%), is highest in the nation. Using the second measure, 9 million in CA are considered poor (LAO) (Census).

 

4 in 10 Californians are living in or near poverty (PPIC)

 

Since 2012‑13, total Medi‑Cal benefit costs grew at an average of 22% annually to $87.9 billion in 2015‑16 because of a combination of health care cost inflation, program expansions, & caseload growth.

 

Medi‑Cal General Fund spending is projected to increase 8 percent from $17.7 billion in 2015‑16 to $19.1 billion in 2016‑17 (DOF)

 

2/3 of retired state employees are on Medicare

 

In just over a decade, the states adjusted costs for retiree health benefits tripled from $500 million to $1.5 billion

Crime & Public Safety

CA violent crime lowest since 1967 (PPIC)

 

In 2013, CA’s violent crime rate was above national average & ranked 33rd in nation. In 2013, CA’s property crime rate was below national average & ranked 24th in nation (PPIC)

 

Violent crime per 100,000 persons:

      Total: 393.3

      Homicide: 4.4

      Rape: 24.4

      Robbery: 126.4

      Assault: 238.1

      (OAG)

 

Property crime per 100,000 persons:

      Total: 2,459.0

      Burglary: 526.1

      Motor vehicle theft: 394.3

      Larceny-theft: 1538.6

      (OAG)

 

Arrests per 100,000 persons at risk:

      Total: 3,981.3

      Adult: 4,309.3

      Juvenile: 1,870.3

      (OAG)

 

Misdemeanor arrests per 100,000 persons at risk:

      Total: 2,524.0

      Adult: 2,731.4

      Juvenile: 1,189.3

      (OAG)

 

Felony arrests per 100,000 population at risk:

      Total: 1,457.3

      Adult: 1,577.9

      Juvenile: 681

      (OAG)

 

155,965 domestic violence calls (OAG)

 

2012 car crash fatalities: 2,995 (9th lowest fatality rate in the nation with .88 fatal injuries per 100 million miles driven). (LAO)

Environment

California emits 50% less CO2 per capita than the U.S. average, ranking it 3rd lowest against 50 states.